Science and Engineer Importance to Singapore

Singapore has boosted its water supply through water-recycling and also increased its land area by reclaiming land, all feats accomplished by engineers. And engineering will continue to be important for Singapore's future, as the country works towards becoming a smart nation and overcoming its lack of resources
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(50th anniversary celebration of the IES)

Monday, January 25, 2016

Investigation of temperature sensing characteristics in selectively infiltrated photonic crystal fiber

Authors
Junlong Lim, et al.

Affiliations
  • School of Optical and Electronical Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, 430074, China 
  • Photonics Technology Department, Institute for Infocomm Research, A*STAR, Singapore 
  • School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 
  • College of Science, Donghua University, Shanghai, China

Publication date
2016/1/25

Journal
Optics Express

Volume
24

Issue
2

Pages
1699-1707

Publisher
Optical Society of America

Abstract
In this paper, we investigate and experimentally demonstrate the influences of distance between the silica core and the glycerin core of a selectively glycerin-infiltrated photonic crystal fiber (PCF) on the mode characteristics, as well as the temperature sensitivity. By comparing the simulation and experiment results of three single-void glycerin-infiltrated PCFs with the glycerin core being one period, two periods and three periods away from the silica core respectively, it reveals that the smaller distance between the silica core and the glycerin core does not affect the modes indices, but increases the intensities of modes in the glycerin core and thus enhances the temperature sensitivity. Consequently, the temperature sensitivity can be controlled and tuned by appropriately designing the structure parameters of glycerin-infiltrated PCF. Besides, the highest temperature sensitivity up to −3.06nm/°C is obtained in the experiment as the glycerin core is nearest to the silica core. This work provides insights into the design and optimization of the liquid-infiltrated PCF for sensing applications.

https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-24-2-1699
http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/OE.24.001699
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26832549
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2016OExpr..24.1699X
http://oar.a-star.edu.sg/jspui/handle/123456789/1352

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